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Foreword

The 2015 version of the indicators that are annually published by the Colombian

Observatory of Science and Technology (OCyT) presents the most recent data and

information on science, technology and innovation (STI) trends in Colombia, and be-

comes a relevant source for analysis and for decision making processes in this topic.

This version of the book includes the traditional indicators allowing to

monitor trends and dynamics in STI. New indicators related to information and

communications technologies (ICT) and results of the fourth National Survey on the

Public Perception of Science and Technology (IVNSPPST) complement the traditional

indicators and broaden the analytical possibilities offered.

By providing strategic information and perspectives for the analysis, the

publication can fulfill its purpose of offering policy and decision makers, national and

international researchers and to the general public, a set of information to analyze

and monitor STI trends and dynamics with a systemic and holistic perspective.

This work is the product of institutional efforts of the OCyT members and

allies, and particularly Colciencias, to build and consolidate a data infrastructure

considering the potentials and limitations of certain metrics and the possibilities to

link new actors, results and impacts, as well as to generate guidelines to improve

and strengthen a system of international comparable indicators in STI in the country.

The consolidation of a set of indicators from 2000 has responded to the

following criteria: i. The indicators are built from reliable statistics, robust analysis

and facilitate international comparability, measurement over time and improvement

possibilities; ii. Indicators must be relevant to policy makers and decision makers;

iii. New indicators should contribute to different perspectives for the analysis in STI.

The book has ten chapters which are distributed as follows:

Chapter 1 shows information related to the investment in STI activities. The

inclusion of resources from the Science, Technology and Innovation Fund (FCTel) of

the General Royalty System as well as those resources reported by the service sector

firms in the fourth innovation survey (EDITS IV for its name in Spanish) allows to

increase the scope of the activities considered for the estimation.

In chapter 2, indicators on scientific and technological training are presented

allowing to identify the trends in human resources training per program and level

of education, number of scholarships and loans awarded and young researchers

supported by Colciencias.

Chapter 3 describes the trends in national capabilities in science and technology

from indicators related to research groups and researchers. For these indicators, the

OCyT applies an activity criterion which facilitates the reconstruction of time series. An

active researcher is considered as such when he or she reports results of new knowledge

in an observation window of t-2, a similar definition applies to active research groups.